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Linux for Unix Administrators (GL615)

Course code
U2794S (GL615)
Duration
5 Days, 40 Hours
Course Overview
Objectives
Prerequisites
Course Outline
Course Overview

Course overview

This is an accelerated course for experienced UNIX® administrators desiring to develop an understanding of the skills required to administer Red Hat® or SUSE Linux-based systems in their enterprise computing environments. It combines the topics in H7091S and H7092S. This course should also help prepare students for Linux certification exams such as the LPI 101/102 required for Linux Professional Institute Level One certification.

Objectives

Objectives

At the conclusion of this course, you should be able to:

  • Successfully install, configure, and bring a Linux system online.

Benefits to you

  • Learn the Linux approach to system administration tasks.
  • Gain an understanding of the Linux user interfaces, file systems, and run states.
  • Acquire the techniques for recovering an unbootable system.
  • Gain knowledge of Linux disk space management options.
  • Effectively manage software packages.
  • Efficiently use networking services and security options.
Prerequisites

Audience

Experienced UNIX system administrators new to Linux.

Prerequisites

Experience as a UNIX system administrator is required and a good understanding of network concepts, the TCP/IP protocol suite, and basic UNIX security is also assumed.
The accelerated pace of this course is only possible if students are already comfortable with basic HP-UX or Sun Solaris system administration concepts and tasks.

Course Outline

Course Outline

1. LINUX ORIENTATION

  • FSF and GNU
  • GPL – General Public License
  • Linux Kernel and Versioning
  • Components of a Distribution
  • Red Hat Linux Products
  • SUSE Linux Products

2. LINUX KERNEL & HARDWARE

  • Hardware Discovery Tools
  • Configuring New Hardware with hwinfo
  • Hardware and System Clock
  • Console
  • Virtual Terminals
  • Keyboard & locale configuration
  • Serial Ports
  • SCSI Devices
  • USB Architecture
  • Defining a Printer
  • Tape Libraries
  • Managing Linux Device Files
  • Kernel Hardware Info – /sys/
  • /sys/ Structure
  • udev
  • Kernel Modules
  • Configuring Kernel Components and Modules
  • Handling Module Dependencies
  • Configuring the Kernel via /proc/
  • Random Numbers and /dev/random
  • System Tools

LAB TASKS

  • Adjusting Kernel Options
  • Linux Kernel Driver Compilation
  • Configuring Print Queues
  • Introduction to Troubleshooting Labs
  • Troubleshooting Practice: Kernel Modules

3. SYSTEMD OVERVIEW

  • System Boot Method Overview
  • systemd System and Service Manager
  • Modifying systemd services
  • Systemd Service Sandboxing Features
  • systemd Targets
  • Using systemd
  • Linux Runlevels Aliases
  • Legacy Support for SysV init

LAB TASKS

  • Managing Services With Systemd’s systemctl
  • Creating a systemd unit file

4. GRUB2/SYSTEMD BOOT PROCESS

  • Booting Linux on PCs
  • GRUB 2
  • GRUB 2 Configuration
  • GRUB 2 Security
  • Boot Parameters
  • Initial RAM Filesystem
  • init
  • Systemd local-fs.target and sysinit.target
  • Systemd basic.target and multi-user.target
  • Legacy local bootup script support
  • System Configuration Files
  • RHEL7 Configuration Utilities
  • SLES12 Configuration Utilities
  • Shutdown and Reboot

LAB TASKS

  • Boot Process
  • Booting directly to a bash shell
  • GRUB Command Line
  • Basic GRUB Security
  • Troubleshooting Practice: Boot Process

5. SOFTWARE MAINTENANCE

  • RPM Architecture
  • Working With RPMs
  • Querying and Verifying with RPM
  • Updating the Kernel RPM
  • Using the Yum command
  • Using the Zypper command
  • YUM package groups
  • Zypper Services and Catalogs
  • Configuring Yum
  • YUM Repositories
  • Rebuilding Source RPM Packages
  • Software Tools Comparison Matrix

LAB TASKS

  • Managing Software with RPM
  • Creating a Custom RPM Repository
  • Querying the RPM Database
  • Installing Software via RPM & Source and Rebuilding SRPMs
  • Using Yum
  • Using Zypper

6. LOCAL STORAGE ADMINISTRATION

  • Partitioning Disks with fdisk & gdisk
  • Resizing a GPT Partition with gdisk
  • Partitioning Disks with parted
  • Non-Interactive Disk Partitioning with sfdisk
  • Filesystem Creation
  • Mounting Filesystems
  • Filesystem Maintenance
  • Resizing Filesystems
  • Managing an XFS Filesystem
  • Swap
  • Filesystem Attributes
  • Filesystem Creation and Management

LAB TASKS

  • Creating and Managing Filesystems
  • Hot Adding Swap

7. LVM & RAID

  • Logical Volume Management
  • Implementing LVM
  • Creating Logical Volumes
  • Activating LVM VGs
  • Exporting and Importing a VG
  • Examining LVM Components
  • Changing LVM Components
  • Advanced LVM Overview
  • Advanced LVM: Components & Object Tags
  • Advanced LVM: Automated Storage Tiering
  • Advanced LVM: Thin Provisioning
  • Advanced LVM: Striping & Mirroring
  • Advanced LVM: RAID Volumes
  • SLES Graphical Disk Tool
  • RAID Concepts
  • Array Creation with mdadm
  • Software RAID Monitoring
  • Software RAID Control and Display
  • LVM and RAID: Unix Tool Comparison

LAB TASKS

  • Creating and Managing LVM Volumes
  • Creating LVM Thin Volumes
  • Creating and Managing a RAID-5 Array

8. REMOTE STORAGE ADMINISTRATION

  • Remote Storage Overview
  • Remote Filesystem Protocols
  • Remote Block Device Protocols
  • NFS Clients
  • NFS Server Configuration
  • Implementing NFSv4
  • AutoFS
  • AutoFS Configuration
  • SAN Multipathing
  • Multipath Configuration
  • Multipathing Best Practices
  • iSCSI Architecture
  • Open-iSCSI Initiator Implementation
  • iSCSI Initiator Discovery
  • iSCSI Initiator Node Administration
  • Mounting iSCSI Targets at Boot
  • iSCSI Multipathing Considerations

LAB TASKS

  • Using autofs
  • NFS Server Configuration
  • iSCSI Initiator Configuration

9. USER/GROUP ADMINISTRATION

  • Approaches to Storing User Accounts
  • User and Group Concepts
  • User Administration
  • Modifying Accounts
  • Group Administration
  • Password Aging
  • Default User Files
  • Controlling Login Sessions
  • RHEL DS Client Configuration
  • SLES DS Client Configuration
  • PAM Overview
  • PAM Module Types
  • PAM Order of Processing
  • PAM Control Statements
  • pam_wheel.so
  • pam_limits.so
  • User/Group Administration Comparison Matrix

LAB TASKS

  • User and Group Administration
  • Using LDAP for Centralized User Accounts
  • Troubleshooting Practice: Account Management
  • Restricting superuser access to wheel group membership
  • Setting Limits with the pam_limits Modules
  • Using pam_limits to Restrict Simultaneous Logins

10. SECURITY ADMINISTRATION

  • Security Concepts
  • Tightening Default Security
  • Security Advisories
  • Fine Grained Authorizations with Polkit
  • File Access Control Lists
  • Manipulating FACLs
  • Viewing FACLs
  • Backing Up FACLs
  • File Creation Permissions with umask
  • User Private Group Scheme
  • Alternatives to UPG
  • TCP Wrappers Concepts
  • TCP Wrappers Concepts
  • Xinetd
  • SUSE Basic Firewall Configuration
  • Netfilter Concepts
  • Using the iptables Command
  • Common match_specs
  • Extended Packet Matching Modules
  • Connection Tracking
  • AppArmor
  • SELinux Security Framework
  • SELinux Modes
  • SELinux Commands
  • Choosing an SELinux Policy
  • SELinux Booleans
  • SELinux Policy Tools
  • (X)INETD and Firewalls

LAB TASKS

  • User Private Groups
  • Using Filesystem ACLs
  • Securing xinetd Services
  • Enforcing Security Policy with xinetd
  • Securing Services with TCP Wrappers
  • Securing Services with SuSEfirewall2
  • Securing Services with Netfilter
  • Exploring SELinux Modes
  • SELinux File Contexts

11. PROCESS ADMINISTRATION

  • at & cron Usage
  • Anacron
  • Viewing Processes
  • Managing Processes
  • Tuning Process Scheduling
  • Process Accounting
  • Setting Resource Limits via ulimit

LAB TASKS

  • Creating and Managing User Cron Jobs
  • Adding System cron Jobs

12. NETWORKING

  • Linux Network Interfaces
  • Ethernet Hardware Tools
  • Network Configuration with ip Command
  • Configuring Routing Tables
  • IP to MAC Address Mapping with ARP
  • Starting and Stopping Interfaces
  • NetworkManager
  • DNS Clients
  • DHCP Clients
  • Network Diagnostics
  • Information from ss and netstat
  • Managing Network-Wide Time
  • Continual Time Sync with NTP
  • Configuring NTP Clients
  • Multiple IP Addresses
  • IPv6
  • Interface Aggregation
  • Interface Bonding
  • Network Teaming
  • Interface Bridging
  • 802.1q VLANS
  • Network Configuration Tools

LAB TASKS

  • Network Discovery
  • Basic Client Networking
  • NTP Client Configuration
  • Multiple IP Addresses Per Network Interface
  • Configuring IPv6
  • Troubleshooting Practice: Networking

13. MONITORING & TROUBLESHOOTING

  • System Status – Memory
  • System Status – I/O
  • System Status – CPU
  • Performance Trending with sar
  • Troubleshooting Basics: The Process
  • Troubleshooting Basics: The Tools
  • System Logging
  • Syslog-ng
  • systemd Journal
  • systemd Journal’s journalctl
  • Secure Logging with Journal’s Log Sealing
  • Rsyslog
  • /etc/rsyslog.conf
  • Log Management
  • Log Anomaly Detector
  • strace and ltrace
  • Troubleshooting Incorrect File Permissions
  • Inability to Boot
  • Typos in Configuration Files
  • Corrupt Filesystems
  • RHEL7 Rescue Environment
  • SUSE Rescue Environment
  • Process Tools

LAB TASKS

  • Using the systemd Journal
  • Setting up a Full Debug Logfile
  • Remote Syslog Configuration
  • Remote Rsyslog TLS Configuration
  • Recovering Damaged MBR

14. BIND DNS

  • The Domain Name Space
  • Delegation and Zones
  • Server Roles
  • Resolving Names
  • Resolving IP Addresses
  • Basic BIND Administration
  • Configuring the Resolver
  • Testing Resolution
  • rndc Key Configuration
  • named.conf Options Block
  • Creating a Site-Wide Cache
  • Zones In named.conf
  • Zone Database File Syntax
  • SOA – Start of Authority
  • A, AAAA, & PTR – Address & Pointer Records
  • NS – Name Server
  • TXT, CNAME, & MX – Text, Alias, & Mail Host
  • Abbreviations and Gotchas
  • $GENERATE, $ORIGIN, and $INCLUDE

LAB TASKS

  • Configuring a Slave Name Server
  • Use rndc to Control named
  • Configuring BIND Zone Files

15. SQL FUNDAMENTALS AND MARIADB

  • Popular SQL Databases
  • SELECT Statements
  • INSERT Statements
  • UPDATE Statements
  • DELETE Statements
  • JOIN Clauses
  • MariaDB
  • MariaDB Installation and Security
  • MariaDB User Account Management
  • MariaDB Replication

LAB TASKS

  • SQL with Sqlite3
  • Installing and Securing MariaDB
  • Creating a Database in MariaDB
  • Create a Database Backed Application

16. OPENLDAP

  • OpenLDAP: Server Architecture
  • OpenLDAP: Backends
  • OpenLDAP: Replication
  • OpenLDAP: Configuration Options
  • OpenLDAP Server Tools
  • OpenLDAP Client Tools
  • LDIF: LDAP Data Interchange Format
  • Enabling LDAP-based Login
  • System Security Services Daemon (SSSD)

LAB TASKS

  • Building An OpenLDAP Server
  • Enabling TLS For An OpenLDAP Server
  • Enabling LDAP-based Logins

17. VSFTPD & APACHE

  • vsftpd
  • Anonymous FTP with vsftpd
  • Configuring vsftpd
  • HTTP Operation
  • Apache Architecture
  • Apache Configuration Files
  • httpd.conf – Server Settings
  • httpd.conf – Main Configuration
  • httpd.conf – VirtualHost Configuration
  • Virtual Hosting DNS Implications
  • Adding Modules to Apache
  • Apache Logging
  • Delegating Administration
  • Directory Protection
  • Directory Protection with AllowOverride
  • Common Uses for .htaccess
  • TLS Using mod_ssl.so

LAB TASKS

  • Configuring vsftpd
  • Apache Architecture
  • Apache Content
  • Configuring Virtual Hosts
  • Using .htaccess Files
  • Using TLS Certificates with Apache

18. SQUID PROXY SERVER

  • Squid Overview
  • Squid File Layout
  • Squid Access Control Lists
  • Applying Squid ACLs
  • Tuning Squid & Configuring Cache Hierarchies
  • Bandwidth Metering
  • Monitoring Squid
  • Proxy Client Configuration

LAB TASKS

  • Installing and Configuring Squid
  • Squid Cache Manager CGI
  • Proxy Auto Configuration
  • Configure a Squid Proxy Cluster

19. SAMBA

  • Samba Daemons
  • Accessing Windows/Samba Shares from Linux
  • Samba Utilities
  • Samba Configuration Files
  • The smb.conf File
  • Mapping Permissions and ACLs
  • Mapping Linux Concepts
  • Sharing Home Directories
  • Sharing Printers
  • Share Authentication
  • User-Level Access
  • Mapping Users
  • Samba Account Database
  • User Share Restrictions

LAB TASKS

  • Samba Share-Level Access
  • Samba User-Level Access
  • Samba Group Shares
  • Handling Symbolic Links with Samba
  • Samba Home Directory Shares

20. POSTFIX

  • Postfix Features
  • Postfix Components
  • Postfix Configuration
  • master.cf
  • main.cf
  • Postfix Map Types
  • Postfix Pattern Matching
  • Virtual Domains
  • Postfix Mail Filtering
  • Configuration Commands
  • Management Commands
  • SMTP AUTH Server and Relay Control
  • SMTP AUTH Clients
  • TLS Server Configuration
  • Postfix Client Configuration for TLS

LAB TASKS

  • Configuring Postfix
  • Postfix Network Configuration
  • Postfix Virtual Host Configuration
  • Postfix SMTP AUTH Configuration
  • Postfix STARTTLS Configuration
  • SUSE Postfix Configuration Cleanup

21. EMAIL SERVICES

  • Procmail
  • SpamAssassin
  • amavisd-new Mail Filtering
  • Cyrus IMAP/POP3 Server
  • Cyrus IMAP MTA Integration
  • Cyrus Mailbox Administration
  • Dovecot POP3/IMAP Server

LAB TASKS

  • Configuring Procmail & SpamAssassin
  • Configuring Cyrus IMAP
  • Dovecot TLS Configuration

A. INSTALLING RHEL7

  • Anaconda: An Overview
  • Anaconda: Booting the System
  • Anaconda: Common Boot Options
  • Anaconda: Loading Anaconda and Packages
  • Anaconda: Storage Options
  • Anaconda: Troubleshooting
  • FirstBoot
  • Kickstart
  • Network Booting with PXE
  • A Typical Install

LAB TASKS

  • Linux Installation
  • Automating Installation with Kickstart

B. INSTALLING SLES12

  • YaST Install Program Interface
  • Network Installation
  • SLP for SUSE Linux Installation
  • Installation Choices
  • Kernel Crash Dump Configuration
  • Network Booting with PXE
  • Creating AutoYaST2 Files
  • Using AutoYaST2 files
  • linuxrc Automation
  • Installation Diagnostics
  • After The First Reboot
  • A Typical Install

LAB TASKS

  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Installation
  • Automating Installation with AutoYaST
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Linux for Unix Administrators (GL615)
Course code:
U2794S (GL615)
Duration:
5 Days, 40 Hours
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